In an industrial plant, the distribution board plays a crucial role in the electrical supply system. It is a panel that is used to distribute electricity to different circuits within the plant, ensuring that the various electrical systems and equipment are properly powered.
The distribution board is typically located near the electrical meter and is the main connection point for all the circuits in the plant. It receives electricity from the utility company and distributes it to the different circuits and systems within the plant.
There are several types of distribution boards that can be used in an industrial plant, including main distribution boards, sub-distribution boards, and final distribution boards. The main distribution board is the central point for the distribution of electricity in the plant and is responsible for distributing electricity to the sub-distribution boards or final distribution boards. Sub-distribution boards are used to distribute electricity to different parts of the plant, while final distribution boards are used to distribute electricity to individual circuits or outlets within a specific area or system.
The distribution board contains a number of components that are essential for the safe and efficient distribution of electricity. These include circuit breakers, fuses, and switches. Circuit breakers are used to protect circuits from overloading, while fuses are used to protect circuits from overheating or short circuits. Switches are used to turn circuits on or off as needed.
In addition to these components, the distribution board also includes a number of protective devices, such as earthing and bonding connections and surge protection devices. These are used to ensure the safe and proper distribution of electricity and to protect against electrical accidents or damage.