Clean agent system or also known as
Gaseous fire suppression is a method of extinguishing fires using gases instead of water or other traditional fire suppressants. These gases are designed to disrupt the chemical reactions that occur during a fire, effectively extinguishing the flame. There are several different types of gases that are used in gaseous fire suppression systems, including inert gases, clean agents, and chemical agents.
Inert gases, such as nitrogen and argon, are used to displace the oxygen in the air, which is necessary for combustion to occur. These gases are non-toxic and do not leave any residue behind, making them suitable for use in areas where water or other traditional suppressants could cause damage or be difficult to clean up.
Clean agents, such as halocarbon compounds, are another type of gas used in gaseous fire suppression systems. These agents are designed to extinguish fires by interrupting the chemical reactions that occur during combustion, and they do not leave behind any residue or cause any damage to the environment.
Chemical agents, such as carbon dioxide and monoammonium phosphate, are also used in gaseous fire suppression systems. These agents work by disrupting the chemical reactions that occur during a fire and are typically used in areas where water or other traditional suppressants could be ineffective or cause damage.
Gaseous fire suppression systems are often used in situations where water or other traditional suppressants could be harmful or cause damage, such as in computer server rooms, museums, libraries, and other sensitive areas. They are also often used in areas where the risk of fire is particularly high, such as in aircraft, chemical plants, and oil refineries.
The most commonly use clean agent systems are FM-200 and Novec 1230. Novec is a brand name for a family of clean agent fire suppression gases produced by 3M, while FM-200 is a brand name for a clean agent fire suppression gas produced by several manufacturers. Some of the major manufacturers of FM-200 include Tyco Fire Protection Products, Kidde Fire Protection, Ansul, Johnson Controls, Honeywell.